Discover India travel guide 

India is defined by great contrast — between infamous poverty and booming economic might, intense spirituality and ancient cultural tradition.

The region is an unbelievable place of change, diversity and opportunity. For the adventurous traveller, India sits near the top of the list.

Indias’ neighbouring countries are Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal and Pakistan. While India’s borders are more than 2,000km apart, India chooses to have a single time zone called Indian Standard Time (IST) which is five and a half hours ahead of Universal Coordinated Time (UTC+5.30).

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Emergency Numbers

National Emergency number dial 112
Police dial 100
Fire dial 101
Ambulance dial 102

 
Main Ethnic Groups

72% Indo-Aryan
25% Dravidian
3% Mongoloid and other minority groups

 
Main Religion

80% Hinduism
14% Islam
2.3% Christianity
1 .7% Sikhism

 
Geographic Facts Capital city: New Delhi (17 million people)
Largest city: Mumbai (20 million people)
 
  • Home to one of the world’s oldest cultures, modern Indian is quite complex. Traditional Indian culture is defined by strict social hierarchy but in the big cities ideals such as individualism, gender equality and self-expression are becoming more prominent.

  • Even though it can get quite hot in India, it is more respectful to dress conservatively as showing too much skin will make locals uncomfortable – always cover your shoulders and wear longer shorts or skirts to cover your knees.
  • When entering a home or temple makes sure you take your shoes off and if you accidently touch something with your foot apologise immediately.
  • The Tilak or KumKum (the dot on the forehead) is traditionally applied to assist in circulation, the energy of the body and general mental health.
  • Namaskar = Hello
  • Mera nam                 hai = My name is                
  • Namaste = Goodbye
  • Acchi sehat ke lie! = Cheers!
  • Dhanyavad = Thank you
India is a large country and the climate varies substantially across different seasons. Generally November to March is cooler and dryer, and is the ideal climate to visit most of the country. The Himalayas and cooler mountainous northern regions are most popular during August and September.
India traditionally has six seasons or ritus each lasting approxi- mately two months. However, the current climate delivers three prominent seasons of summer, monsoon, and winter.
Summer
Mar to May
24° / 36°
Monsoon
Jun to Oct
26° / 34°
Winter
Nov to Feb
11° / 26°
This requires some local research to determine the rules and reputations of transport in different cities and states. In and around the cities taxis can be the most reliable, however make sure you agree on the price before you start your journey. Metro networks are slowly becoming more comprehensive in the cities and could also be a good option. Between cities look for long distance trains and research reputation and safety standards.
Dialing code +91



 
Visa - Canadians require a visa to visit India prior arrival. Ensure you apply for the proper type of visa for the specific purpose of your trip.
Electrical / device: 230/240V - Type C, D and M plug.


Tipping - Has become expected across the tourism service industries. Up to 10% for meals. A good idea to keep small (10-50) rupee notes for hotel staff, porters, drivers, etc.
Language - Hindi is the most common language, spoken by almost half the population.
The drinking age in India varies significantly from state to state and sometimes even depends on the type of alcohol. Some states enforce total prohibition, others have age limits between 18 and 25 years.
Drive on the left side of the road.


 
Currency 
Indian Rupee 
(CAD$1 = INR 58)
*average rate, 2017-2021.
  • Mr Radhakant Bajpai has the world record for the Longest Ear Hair at 13cm!
  • Manorama, a famous Tamil Actress, has appeared in over 1,000 Bollywood films and is the world’s most prolific actress.
  • Most expensive wedding in the world - In 2004 the daughter of Lakshmi Mittal, India’s richest man was married in France in a ceremony costing over $55 million dollars.
National icons are the Lotus flower and Bengal tigers.
DISCLAIMER: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of all information as of the date of publishing, Allianz Global Assistance does not accept liability for any errors or omissions. Allianz Global Assistance strongly recommends seeking the guidance of a professional travel agent/agency for further information on a specific destination. On your next trip, whether to another province or country, ensure you have travel insurance as it may assist you in cases of unforeseen medical emergencies and other types of mishaps that can happen while you travel. Travel insurance does not cover everything, please always refer to the policy document for full terms and conditions, including limitations and exclusions. Allianz Global Assistance is a registered business name of AZGA Service Canada Inc. and AZGA Insurance Agency Canada Ltd.
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